Manotick Art Association
Featured Artist – John Mlacak
by Rosalie Daly Todd
John Mlacak is an electrical engineer who served for 11 years in local and regional municipal governments, and for three years on the Board of the National Capital Commission. It seems an unlikely background for a highly successful painter of large, bold landscapes and still lifes. But John Mlacak is convinced that there is a common thread through most of his adult activities.
To John Mlacak, it has all been about design – designing products for Bell Northern Research (BNR); planning the environment for the (then) new community of Kanata; or creating a work of art.
John worked for BNR for 35 years, retiring 11 years ago. While employed at BNR, he also served as March Township’s councilor and reeve from 1966-1974. Next he took a two-year leave of absence from BNR to devote all of his attention to helping to finalize the transformation of portions of several townships into the new community of Kanata.
Talking to him today, it is still apparent how committed John Mlacak was to Kanata’s planning and design. At the time, he objected to accepted wisdom that Kanata would be just another dormitory suburb for Ottawa. Instead, he supported developer Bill Teron’s vision of a town made up of clusters of individual neighborhoods and communities.
Each community would be inter-connected by pathways to shopping, parks and adjoining clusters. In the center of the communities would be the town centre, the economic and social heart of Kanata – a European-style town square with major shopping, city hall, library and theatre.
How successful were they in implementing this vision? Today John Mlacak calls it a « partial success. » Some neighborhoods like Beaverbrook, where the Mlacaks have lived for 40 years, are a showcase for the planning concept. « Most residents can look out their windows and see park land, » he says with obvious satisfaction.
And there is the hockey arena adjacent to the high school, with meeting rooms and library and another 10 acres of land for park use. John fought hard for a local arena, knowing how important hockey and figure skating were to Kanata’s children and the strain on parents who had to drive long distances to take them to practice. He won that battle and a grateful community named the building after him, the Mlacak Centre.
John Mlacak was born in Windsor, Ontario to Croatian-born parents. The Mlacaks were one of many Croatian immigrant families who settled in Hamilton, Windsor or Sudbury to work in the steel, auto and mining industries. John was the third of five children and the first to be born in the new country, Canada.
His talent for art did not emerge until 1978 when he suffered a heart attack. During his recovery, he took art classes at the local high school. John laughs today as he describes the experience: « I fought with the teacher! I said ‘just tell me the basic rules. Is it top to bottom, left to right?’ »
« It took me five years to realize there were no rules, » he says. « That’s when the real difference between engineering and art hit me. Give 100 engineers a problem, and you will get the same answer. And they all will be right. Give 100 artists a problem, and you will get 100 different answers. And they all will be right. »
John took courses over the years at the Ottawa School of Art. An oil painter by inclination, John took water colours because that was what was generally offered. One of his first instructors, Morton Baslow, was very precise and controlled; his next instructor « just threw the paint on. » It took John a while to conclude: « how you use colour is a function of the paintings you do. How you apply it is a function of style. All are unique to the individual artist; it is impossible to copy another artist’s style. »
« When I started out, 99 out of 100 paintings I produced were bad; and I wouldn’t sell that one good one, » John says. « Only recently have the number/percentage of good ones increased. »
John says « we » and « us » a lot, referring to his wife, Beth, « who does everything for our little art business but the painting. » Beth spent 20 years as a volunteer for Canadian Parents for French, working with parents and school boards to promote French in the school system. When she passed the torch to others, she concentrated all of her many talents on publicizing and marketing John’s art. He describes her work as a 7-day a week job and one that allows him to concentrate on painting.
Thanks to their successful team effort, John is able to produce and sell 40-50 paintings a year. John admits that it would be very hard to do a quality job without Beth who looks after the preparatory work; decides when and which charity to donate a painting to; turns the visitors’ books from shows into a data base for a Christmas card featuring a new John Mlacak painting each year; and much more. One glance at the professionally written publicity materials she has produced demonstrates that John is not exaggerating her importance.
While employed, John realized that his work would squeeze out his art if he didn’t make a commitment to paint at least once a week. He also realized that taking courses forced him to keep that commitment. « Otherwise, if I let myself get away from it, it would take three months for me to work back to the level at which I was painting, » he says.
John’s commitment and productivity have increased since his retirement. He works in a basement studio in his Kanata home and keeps a painting schedule that most artists would find unusual. A light sleeper, who has to be at his peak energy level to paint, John operates on what he describes as « two, 12-hour days ». He does chores until mid-afternoon; sleeps for an hour or two; paints from 6 p.m. until about 1 a.m; watches some television; and then manages to sleep.
Lately John has been doing large—four foot by five foot — oil paintings. He has « fun painting large. It gives me lots of room to express myself and the impact of the painting is greater. » Ironically, as his canvases get larger, John finds himself moving in closer to his subject matter. « I focus in now. Instead of doing a sunset, I am doing the sun on a group of trees, » he says.
John paints almost exclusively in oils. They allow him to change, enhance and revise his design. « With water colours, you have to get it right the first time, » he says. « And I never get it right the first time. » Also he feels that his large-size paintings would be hard to do in water colours.
John uses Windsor Newton oil paints and Stevenson alkyd medium. His brushes range in size from two to one-half inch. He uses Turpenoid to clean his brushes and just dabs the dirty brush into the jar and brushes the old colour off onto a piece of glass he keeps on his work table. This avoids the opportunity for dirty colours and, as importantly, is a non-toxic way to work, John says.
His large canvases are specially-made for him by Artex, with extra wide wood supports in the back because he « likes to beat up my canvases. »
John paints en plein air in Fall and Spring but his move to large size canvases has made that less frequent. Even working with such large sizes indoors presented a problem for John who luckily likes nothing better than solving problems. His solution was to design special brackets to hold his canvas above his work table.
When he begins a painting, John draws his design with pencil on paper that is in proportion to his canvas size. Next he overlays a grid on the paper and then copies the paper grid and design, in pencil, onto his canvas. Finally he uses brushes and India ink over his pencil design on the canvas. For each painting, he paints three to five layers of oils which each dry in one to two days.
He paints mostly landscapes but takes a portrait class every five years or so because it « forces me to see. » « You can’t be off with a portrait like you can be with a tree. Portrait painting enforces an artist’s discipline to see relative space, distances and angles. It’s a good disciplinary tool, » John says. John does not often put people in his paintings. He feels, for example, that it is better to add an empty chair or bench: « that way the viewer puts himself into the painting. » When John adds people, he finds that they automatically become the focus of the painting, whether he intends that effect or not.
John’s advice to new artists: « take a lot of classes; try different teachers; paint as much as you can. And if you are comfortable, show your paintings to see what response you get from others besides your family and friends. »
To John, « selling a painting is an indication of how much people enjoy it. We live in a cash society and value is translated into cash. Selling is the last step in the whole process. It means that someone else enjoys what I enjoy and will give their hard-earned cash for it. It’s a shared experience. I don’t want my paintings sitting in a closet; it wouldn’t be a complete cycle if I couldn’t share them with someone. »
What’s next for John Mlacak and his art? « I want to visit where the Group of Seven painted and get ideas from there. Also there are a lot of subjects in France and Italy … Tuscan hills, backyards in small French towns. I’ve concluded that I need 40 more years to do the things I want to do. »